Browsing: Education

We’ve entered a new age of technology in modern cars which in some ways is for the better and other ways for the worse. In terms of feel and response, electric power steering systems are efficient, but remove the level of detailed feedback that manual and hydraulic-assisted steering systems provide. We find the same problem in modern throttle by wire systems, where a series of sensors and an electric motor replace a simple physical cable to the throttle body. In driving environments like canyon runs or track days, accurate throttle inputs and feedback are essential for consistent performance and confidence…

Manual transmission elitists need to get with the times. Driving an H-pattern gearbox is fun and makes you feel connected to the car, but it doesn’t hurt to leave some of the work to automated systems. This rings especially true if your main goal is improved performance, such as a sequential gearbox and its ability to change gears in only a few milliseconds. Manual transmissions require more input from the driver, which also results in more room for error with grinding gears, lengthy shift times and poor rev matching. Not everyone can afford a dual clutch transmission, and not everyone…

Back in 2012, driver Jeremy Foley and co-driver Yuri Kouznetsov found themselves flying off the edge of a mountain during their run up the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. The 550whp Mitsubishi Evo 8 took flight from the infamous “Devil’s Playground” corner at 70 MPH as the EVO glided into a 45-degree slope covered in boulders that rolled the chassis more than 10 times. After throwing body panels and various parts in all directions, the car finally came to rest, exposing a mostly bare roll cage and the vehicle occupants inside. Despite the harsh and violent nature of this crash,…

We’ve all seen videos of race leaders stumbling over the last drops of fuel in their tanks, their engines sputtering and misfiring as fuel flow sporadically cuts out. Sometimes they are lucky enough to coast past the checkered flag in first place, other times the competition catches up and blows past them at full tilt, watching their victory get snatched away at the last possible second. Text by Stanley Yee // Photos by Joe Singleton and Courtesy of Holley In racing, fractions of a second in lap times can make the difference between winning and losing. Teams don’t waste any…

Many racing sanctioning bodies require drivers to be able to exit a stopped car in only seven seconds in the case of an emergency. This may not sound like a long time, but it can feel like forever when flames fill the vehicle cabin. All the while, the driver must shut off the car, cut the power, engage the fire suppression system, release the six-point harness, remove the steering wheel, unhook the window net and open the door to get out. Each of these items play a key role in keeping a driver safe in different ways, while allowing them…

Whether it’s computers, phones, tablets, operating systems or music applications, Apple excels in treating its users like idiots but gets away with it by way of clever marketing. It removes control and functionality from its products while branding the changes as features. Thankfully, there are still people wiser than this on both a business and consumer level. In a world where tech companies remove features and jack up prices, AEM Performance Electronics proves that there is still hope. AEM’s CD-7 Digital Racing Dash Display give control back to the users, offering one of the most comprehensive feature-sets in the dash…

Even though today’s vehicles require less maintenance than ever before, there are still a number of items that need regular attention to keep them running just right. In this Tune-up Basics guide, we’ll cover the fundamentals that every car enthusiast should know from changing oil to setting tire pressure. Follow the steps in the individual sections and your car will be running strong for years to come. Ignition There’s No Fire Without a Spark Fluids Happy Engines are Lubed and Cooled Filters Capturing Contaminants Brakes Solid Stopping Power Electrical Voltage to Drive Settings Important Factors for Everyday Driving Car Paint…

It only takes a spark to light a fire. But if the fire needs to be lit in a turbulent environment, as is the case with a combustion chamber, you’ll need the right equipment to reliably convert ignition voltage into a spark. During the power stroke of an internal combustion engine, cylinder pressures can range anywhere from 300 psi at a light load up to 1,500 psi in some racing applications. To ignite this compressed mixture of air and fuel reliably, you need to have the right ignition components for the job. By Richard Fong What’s in a Spark? A…

Powertrains are complex systems of metal components put under the stresses of heat and rotational forces to put a vehicle into motion. Healthy fluids play a key role in keeping everything working as intended. While different fluids have different applications, their end goal is to minimize friction, reduce heat and extend service life. Fluids operate in inherently challenging environments, with contaminants and heat exposure necessitating regular changes. A properly maintained vehicle should have correct volumes of clean fluids flowing at intended operating pressures. Without fluids, a car would be doomed to imminent and catastrophic failure. Text by Stanley Yee //…

Impurities are constantly trying to find their way into your engine, undermining reliability and causing harm. Filters are the primary line of defense protecting a car from harmful contaminants. Modern vehicles utilize an array of filters, each separating foreign objects from entering vulnerable areas of the powertrain. Filters eventually reach limits of effectiveness, and need to be cleaned or replaced. Often scheduled alongside other frequent maintenance items, filter replacements are an essential part of caring for your car. Text and Photos by Stanley Yee Oil Filters As engine oil circulates through an engine and collects contaminants, it falls on the…

Proper vehicle maintenance can save you a lot of time and money, though proper brake maintenance in particular could very well save your life. This appears to be common sense, yet why do so many vehicle owners put it off? To anyone who has never done it before, brake servicing might appear too complicated or time consuming. Staying on top of the maintenance of your brakes and understanding the details of your brake system is easier than you might think, and can save you from potential future repairs. Text and Photos by Cameron Parsons What’s the Problem? Nearly every maintenance…

Nothing can ruin a day of plans quicker than getting into a car that fails to start. Then again, it can be even more frustrating and dangerous when driving a vehicle that slowly begins to lose power and then goes “dead” while driving. While there is no way to avoid 100-percent of these incidents, over 90-percent can be avoided with proper maintenance and setup of a vehicle’s primary electrical system. Have you ever wondered why some vehicles are constantly burning through replacement batteries and alternators, while other vehicles get more than 10 years of service from a “5-year” battery? Understanding…

It’s easy to get overwhelmed by the number of maintenance variables that ensure the reliability and longevity of your vehicle. Fortunately, technological advances and engineering have stretched the service intervals of many wearable items. This in turn reduces the frequency of maintenance to reduce consumption and cost while simplifying the responsibilities of vehicle ownership. However, there are some basics that everyone should be conscientious of, mainly pertaining to your tires and your engine. These are simple but important default vehicle settings and practices applicable to any street vehicle. Text and Photos by Richard Fong Mechanical Traction Tire manufacturers have invested…

If you’re reading this then you aren’t normal. In fact, you’re probably abnormal in the sense that you care about you car way more than the average person. But why wouldn’t you? You dedicate your time and money to getting the most from your car. Whether it’s horsepower or handling, your car is most likely getting the best of the best in terms of performance components. So why do some of us neglect to make sure our cars look their best? If you simply don’t care if your car has a clean and shiny appearance, well there’s not a whole…

You can throw all the upgrades you want at any given car, but their effectiveness is limited by the rubber that holds the car to the ground. In the world of automotive performance and motorsports, tires are a sacred component. We wear through them quickly, we always want more, and there are way too many options in the market to keep track of. However, tires are becoming more advanced in different specialties of use such as off-road, daily driving in winter or summer, or various forms of motorsport. In road racing and street performance, Toyo holds a massive presence with its…

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